While security conferences typically host capture the flag competitions where you are tasks with completing a set of tasks in order to find hidden treasures or flags within their systems, traditional businesses model their security with colored teams where each team is responsible for a certain aspect of the organization’s security. Blue Teams for example are white hat defenders; they are the people who work for the company and is responsible for defending the organization’s assets. While Intrusion Detection systems are typically responsible for identifying attacks on an organization’s assets, it is the Blue team that takes actionable steps to mitigate the attack and prevent further damage. To help ensure that the Blue team stays ready, many companies also employ the services of a Red Team. Red teams are independent groups that determine the effectiveness of an organization’s security by assuming the role of the attacker. They use the same tools and techniques as hackers and are considered ethical hackers. With the organization’s permission, Red teams spend several weeks to months performing security testing with specific objectives and reporting on any issues or findings with the Blue team. Red teams are often mistaken for Penetration testers whose job it is to provide a security assessment of an organizations network and report on flaws or vulnerabilities. Penetration testers, red teams, and blue teams all are trained like adversarial attackers but are provided permission and do so within the scope of their duties.
What Can I Do? Trainers and Educators
Cyber Instructor or Trainer
Entry Level Education – Bachelor’s degree
2019 Median Pay – $61,210 ($29.43/hr)
Job outlook – 9%
What they do: Trainers lead training activities and design and develop training or education of personnel within the cyber domain.
Where do they fall in the NIST – Trainers fall under the Training, Education and Awareness (TEA) Specialty area and they can have jobs such as Cyber Instructor, or Cyber Instructional Curriculum Developers.
Where do I start: Learn something new and teach someone. In addition to a bachelor’s degree, training specialists need work experience in teaching, tutoring, or educating others.